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Mango


Mango is one of the most important and widely cultivated fruits of the tropical world. Mangoes from Maharashtra (State of India) are rich, aromatic and sweet. A bite into the delicious, juicy flesh of a fully ripe mango can be blissful!

Mango is a rich source of vitamin A and C. It is used at all stages of its growth, both in its immature and mature state. Raw mango is used for making chutney, pickles, and juices. The ripe mango besides being used for dessert is also used for preparing several products like squashes, syrups, nectars, jams, and jellies. The mango kernel contains 8-10 per cent good quality fat which can be used as a substitute for cocoa butter in confectionery.

Maharashtra is the largest mango exporting state in the country and accounts for over 80 per cent of the total exports. Mango is one of the leading fruit crops of the State. The State is home to huge mango biodiversity. Although, mango is grown throughout the length and breadth of the State, Konkan region is one of the biggest mangos growing belts in the country. Around 205 varieties of mangoes can be found in the Western Ghats in Maharashtra with Geographical Indication (GI) tag for Devgad Alphonso mango.

Size and shape of mango has a great deal of significance. Most of the mango varieties are predominantly named based on their size, shape, taste, aroma, etc. Some of the popular varieties of mangoes are;

Alphonso; King of Mangoes has long been one of the world’s most popular fruits and is exported to various countries. It has a rich, creamy, delicate, non-fibrous and juicy pulp. These mangoes in colloquial terms are called today as ‘Raywal’ or ‘Ranwal’ meaning ‘forest breed’. These forest breeds were used to create hybrids like Alphonso as these breeds were better adapted to climate change.

Alphanso mango is a seasonal fruit, which is considered to be among the most superior varieties of the fruit in terms of sweetness, richness and flavour and is a native of the Konkan region of Maharashtra, locally called Hapus in Marathi language.

Mankurad; Although Mankurad is extensively produced in Goa, its orchards are found in Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg. This delicious fruit is yellow and oblong, and develops black spots as it ripens.

Malgova; Large round shaped mango which retains its green colour with hints of red when it is ripe. It is mostly found in the North Konkan, and in Aurangabad, Parbhani, Beed district.

Kesar; Small to medium fruit with a roundish shape and a distinct curved tip. It has been named after Saffron or Kesar because of its orange colour appearance. It is found mostly in North Konkan, Dhule, Jalgaon, Nandurbar, Nashik, Marathwada.

Vanraj; Purple skin and brilliant yellow flesh, with sweet and sour flavour profile. It also has good shelf life. It is found mostly in North Konkan region and Nashik district.

Rajapuri; The largest of the Indian mango varieties and has an attractive combination of smooth and perfect yellow, orange and red skin. It’s strong floral aroma and sweet flavour makes it one of the most popular mangoes. It is also good for pickles. It is found mostly in Aurangabad district.

Pairi Mango; Pairi is deliciously sweet in taste with mild tartness and has firm pulp. It is a nutritionally rich fruit with unique flavour and fragrance. Known to be fibrous and juicy, it is one of the most popular choices for the popular mango juice (locally know as ‘aamras’, in Marathi). It is found mostly in South Konkan region including Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg.

* Availability – seasonal (March, April, May).

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