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Pomegranate


Pomegranate (scientific name – Punica granatum) also called as Anar, Kamphoi, Madulai, Dalimb, Danimma in local Indian languages. It is a deciduous shrub that produces granular fruits. It is being cultivated from ancient times. This fruit is rich in nutrients with beautiful red arils that are compactly packed inside the outer cover. 

Pomegranate is one of the most important fruit crops in India. Pomegranate grows very well under semi-arid conditions. Sandy loam soil or alluvial soil is essential for the growth of pomegranate. It is mainly cultivated in Maharashtra (largest producer from Indian states) and also in some parts of states like Gujarat, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab & Haryana.

Pomegranate is generally consumed raw and also in the form of juice, jam and sweet drinks.

It has many health benefits like it is used to increase the blood flow in the body and is also good for skin. Pomegranates are an excellent source of vitamin K to assist in faster wound healing, vitamin C to strengthen the immune system, fiber to regulate the digestive tract, and folate to develop red blood cells. The fruits also contain potassium to balance fluid levels within the body, manganese to maintain a healthy nervous system, and antioxidants, including punicalagin, that protect the cells against free radical damage and reduce inflammation.

Commercially grown varieties of pomegranate in India are Ganesh, Mridula, Arakta, Ruby, Phule Bhagwa, and Phule Bhagwa Super. Being home to the finest varieties of pomegranate, the fruits have soft seeds. Fruit quality is much superior and attractive. One of the sweetest pomegranates in the market. 

Pomegranates sizes are averaging 10 to 12 cm in diameter. Thick and shiny skin, ranging in colour from dark red to pink. Underneath the surface, thick, spongy and fibrous white membranes, encase many small, tightly compacted seeds into multiple chambers. Each seed is generally red or white, angular, and soft, contributing a crunchy consistency, and is enveloped in a translucent, fleshy coating known as the aril. The translucent aril is lightly pigmented with a red, white, or pale pink hue, depending on the variety, and contains flavourful juice. The seeds and arils are the only portions of the fruit consumed, contributing a sweet -tart taste.

Pomegranate seeds are entirely edible, well suited for both fresh and cooked preparations. Pomegranate seeds can be consumed straight, out of hand, or the seeds can be tossed into salads, stirred into yogurt, or used as an edible garnish over soups, roasted meats, and desserts. The seeds can also be blended into smoothies, pureed into salsa, dips, and relishes, or pressed into fresh juice. In addition to consuming the juice straight, Pomegranate juice can be used to flavour sauces for roasted meats, salad dressings, or desserts such as cheesecake, parfaits, tarts, crisps, and brownies. The juice can also be simmered into jelly or stirred into cocktails, sangria, sparkling beverages, and juice blends.

Whole Pomegranates can be kept at room temperature for a couple of days, or they can be stored in a plastic bag in the refrigerator for 1 to 3 months. Once opened, the seeds should be stored in a sealed container for 3 to 5 days. The fruits can also be frozen for extended use.

* Availability seasonal (January to September).

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